Skip to main content

Cultivation of Ridge Gourd


Ridge Gourd Cultivation 

Climate: 
Ridge Gourd love light warm moist (24C to 30C). Don't love cool or very low temperatures. Not fit in winter season where the temperature drops below 24C.

Soil: 
Loves well-drained soils like sandy loam soils with a high percentage of organic matter. Give high yields in soils which have pH 6.5 to 7.5(slightly acidic to near neutral is best 7 pH).Can adopt in a wide range of soils.

Seed: 
Approx 1-2kg per acre seed required.1500-3000 plants required per acre. Select virus free and disease free a seeds from farmer. Approx seed germination time is 7days.

Duration: 
Below 100-120 days under full sunlight. From 60days flowers will start approx from 70days harvest will start.

Spacing: 
If your soil contains more percentage of sand dig 30-60cm pits(length * width * height) for every 6-7 feet(pit to pit). Mix soil with compost/fym and fill the pits. If clay soil is more. start preparing raised bed(120cms) or mounds/hills.

‌Field Preparation: 
Ridge Gourd need more organic content in soil. Grow green manure before the crop. Traditional practice is filling all pits with 8tons of FYM or 5tons of compost with 500kg of Neem cake along with top soil. 

Sowing Method: 
Sow 4 -5seeds in every pit/hill/mound. And thin to remain 3plants per pit or hill. 12days old saplings 2 per pit/hill can be transplanted if grown in pro-trays. Ridge gourd loves to climb. So, it needs trellis with a height of 6feet approx. We can use bamboo sticks and GI wire to make this setup
Ridge gourd on Trellis

Irrigation: 
Initial irrigation before sowing. Irrigation is required every week, especially before flowering. Maintain specific time every day at least irrigating deep 20cm soil gives best results. Give mulch for soil if the climate is too hot outside. These plants don't like over irrigation. Overwatering, stagnation leads several viral/fungal diseases.

Intercrops: 
Beans for fixing nitrogen, Sorghum and Corn to prevent root rot by controlling soil nematodes, Radish deters leaf-eating insects, fruit borers, Marigold, sunflower attract pollinators and deters bugs and beetles. Mint is said to help control ants, aphids, flea beetles, and rodents. We can sow Marigold/Sunflower as border crop. Radish can harvest before ridge gourd spread on a trellis. Beans can also sow along with ridge gourd in the same pit. They also can crawl along with ridge gourd. At harvest time need to take care. It becomes complex to harvest

Harvest:
Tender fruits are harvested for eating purpose. Matured fruits are left like that for preparing sponge (luffa).The average yield of 7-10 tons of harvest per acre.

Important Notes:
  • Lateral shoots(side stems) should be removed up to the height of trellis.
  • Tendrils (the thread like a stem that helps the plant to grasp support) should be removed because we are giving support to plant to climb trellis by tying loosely with thread.
  • Prune the main stem after 12nodes. This gives rise to many laterals. 
  • If female flowers are dropping without turning into fruit. We must do hand pollination with male flower by rubbing method or use a brush or use a cotton to rub on the male after on the female.
  • Blossom rot caused by over hot weather, lack of moisture or calcium deficiency.
Slight gap in male n female flower opening is the problem in all gourds. 1st male flowers arrive after few days females arrive. More male flowers are produced than female flowers. Boron plays the key role. 

In large-scale cultivation, always better to have 1 or 2 bee hives for good pollination. Beehives in hot climate region is not suitable, if we are placing we need to consider the coolest zone farm and maintain flower garden near to hive. Bees hives got popular in Karnataka and Kerala regions and failed in Tamilnadu and Telugu regions.


Pest control :
  • Bacterial/viral infections occur due to water stagnation, over moist conditions and no proper circulation of air.
  • Four kg of Neem seeds are powdered and dissolved in 100 litres of water and filtered. Add 10 litres of cow urine and mix it with 50 gm of soapnut powder. Spraying this extract will control many pests and diseases.
  • Install light traps one for every half acre from 6-10pm to overcome moths laying eggs and remove traps before flowers start to appear.
  • Spray diluted Neem oil or neem seed extract for Aphids & Mealybugs.

Queries:
What is the proportion of neem and water to be diluted?
If you want to spray only Neem seed or Neem leaf extract go with 1:20. Four kg of Neem seeds are powdered and dissolved in 100 litres of water and filtered. Add 10 liters of cow urine and mix it with 50 gm of soap nut powder. Spraying this extract will control many pests and diseases

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Five Layer Shri Palekar Ji Model - 36*36 model for full 1 acre

Huge trees, for example, Mango, Jack-fruit, Jamun, and Amla ought to be planted 36 feet separated.
Guava, Chikku, Lemon and Pomegranate saplings can be planted in the middle of the mango plants at a separation of 18 feet.
Papaya, Drum-stick, Banana that involve lesser space ought to be planted in a space of 9 feet between the second arrangement of trees recorded previously. The above plants ought to be planted along a similar column over the plot of land leaving space to develop a single assortment of vegetables, millets and so forth on each bed.
separate 1 section of land into a break even with squares of 36ft X 36ft. In each piece of 36 ft x 36 ft ( which is additionally separated into four 9ft X 9ft sub-squares) We can grow around 170 trees, in that 9ft x 9 ft part of the land (one sub-square). Plant 1 Banana Tree, 4 Arecanut Trees, 4 Black pepper Creepers getting on Arecanut trees, 2 Coffee Plants, 2 Glirsedia Trees, 2 Venella Creepers hopping on Glirsedia trees and 32 Ginger Plants …

Navadhanya Cropping System

NAVADHANYA has not introduced by anybody from his/her own experiences and knowledge. It has evolved, by following the climatic conditions; district farmers were cultivated dryland agriculture in the district. With the erratic rainfall every year the farmers are facing drought in the district. Even though in erratic rainfall also the dry land agriculture is sustained in the district during the past. With experiences in their life, the cropping system was evolved as NAVADHANYA a dryland agriculture system in the district. The NAVA DHANYA is an intercropping system in dryland agriculture. It has evolved to sustain crops in erratic rainfall by the farmer’s experiments. And also, it has evolved the system for trapping erratic rainfall and utilizing 100% to the crops. So, the farmers used the system as net of erratic rainfall in drought-prone areas for protecting at least 2/3 of the crops in their fields. The cropping system will keep the land greenery for 10 months in a year. So, the syste…

Dhabolkar method of green manuring

Mr.Dhabolkar, an organic farming expert in Maharashtra, has proved the efficacy of green manure method, which helps to return to the soil many times more nutrients than what we take from that same soil. The first step, therefore, to enrich the soil organically is to grow a variety of crops on the land and then plough the green matter back into the soil. Using this method it is possible to enrich the depleted soil in just two hundred days. Even land that has been depleted of all nutrients due to chemical farming can be resuscitated in this manner.By growing the following crops for 50-60 days and then ploughing them in-situ we add balanced nutrients and micro-nutrients to the land. The soil will become enriched in less than a year and micro-nutrient deficiency is eliminated.

The following quantities will suffice for one acre.
Choose four of each of the following types:(One from category total five)

1. Grains: 5Kg (Example: 1 kg Sorghum, 500 gms Pearl millet, 250 gms Foxtail millet, 250 gms …