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Showing posts from December, 2017

Soil nutrients and their Interrelationships

Could a soil test demonstrate a supplement, for example, Phosphorus or Potassium inadequate sums in the soil, yet when a plant investigation is taken, there is a lack of this same supplement in the plant? Indeed, this circumstance can and happens. For instance, when a dry spell happens, the plant can't take up adequate soil supplements, yet a soil test demonstrates that the supplement at an adequate level in the soil. This is the reason we have to consider "water administration" as a component of an effective soil fruitfulness program. 
Notwithstanding, there are different components which we have control over that can cause this same issue. For instance, not keeping up appropriate pH can stop or diminish take-up of supplements. Much of the time, high pH (7.0 or higher), lessens plant take-up of numerous supplements, and a low pH (5.0 or lower) can do in like manner. The exemption would be particular products supporting either a high pH or a low pH condition. Understand t…

How plants will defend pests naturally?

Plants have a wide range of defence mechanisms to survive different stress factors including diseases.Resistance genes confer genetic protection. What is coming to be understood now is that susceptible species also stand a good chance of defending themselves through activating a series of metabolic pathways that allow a rapid expression of a broad set of defences upon infection by a pathogen.Injury triggers the release of volatile compounds like jasmonates and salicylates which bind to cell membrane-bound receptors to result in activation of a series of defence related enzymes. This results in the synthesis of compounds like terpenes, phenolics tannins, all that insects don’t like.
Some plants also release compounds which attract predatory insects (spiders, wasps, dragonflies, etc) which control pest populations rather effectively.Even roots release a number of metabolites in response to elicitation by jasmonates, salicylates and chitosan which show antimicrobial activity.Rhizosphere o…

Why pests attack your crops and How to stop it?

Disease pathogens and pests are always present. Yet not all plants come down with diseases or are attacked by pests. This tells us that diseases and pests are not unavoidable and that insects and plant pathogens are not the real cause of the problem.
Pests and diseases are nature’s garbage collectors !!!
Pests and diseases are merely there to eat or infect an unhealthy plant which is weakened. It is easy to see this as a nuisance but from our perspective, they perform an important ecological role. These unhealthy or defective plants would not be optimal for consumption of humans or animals and therefore these pests and diseases are doing us a favour by preventing us from eating inferior produce. However modern agriculture and horticulture have meant we can now simply kill off the pests and diseases using chemicals and eat the inferior produce anyway.
Insect pests and diseases cannot successfully attack healthy, vigorously growing plants because, like humans and animals, healthy plants ca…

Why is soil life important?

The healthy natural soil in the world maintains a web of life including bacteria, fungi, protozoa, nematodes and in addition, bigger creatures like earthworms and slugs. These life forms perform a key part in the life of plants. They decompose organic matter to make the supplements accessible to plant roots. They condition the soil and make air spaces and passages in it – enhancing air circulation and seepage. Furthermore, they contend with other more dangerous life forms in the soil, which will harm your plants if left unchecked. 
There are a few diverse ways you can include life
 Vermi Compost: Worm compost is particularly rich in soil life. It’s my number one choice for adding life to Soil. When matter is passed through the worm's body it becomes inoculated with all sorts of tiny life forms. So worm compost contains bacteria, fungi and other microscopic goodies (as well as worms!).Need to prepare our own compost(long process), buying outside will prone to unwanted seeds. There ef…

COW : SURYA-KETU NADI

Indian humped cows have suryaketu nadi(vein) passing through hump which absorbs all cosmic energies( 33 CRORES of gods & goddess reside in cow). As per astrology SURYA( which rules soul) and KETU (Lord of Moksha). Means Humped cow helps soul attain moksha(liberation)? We need to remember, we have nine planets starting from Sun and ends with Ketu.

After death soul should cross VAITARINI RIVER(which is very difficult) if we donate a cow before death. we can cross this river with the help of cow tail. This sentence describes that we need to protect cows and pass them to future generations.

The human body has 7 CHAKRAS(energy centres) described in Ayurveda and having 72000 nerves. Same like we can assume cow have 33 crores of nerves and all connected to suryaketu nadi( same as our backbone)? IDa-PIngala are the main nerves which connected to Left/Right nostrils and pass oxygen to all parts of human body, eliminate toxins as co2. In the same way, Surya-Ketu nadi was functioning in Cow? Sur…

5 Effective ways to Enrich soil

1. Compost
Turn your kitchen waste, leaves, grass clippings, and so forth into a fabulous soil change with almost no effort. Manure includes the two supplements and natural issue to the soil, and it additionally assists with water maintenance. You can buy it or, make your own. Full decomposed compost have well-developed microbes and nutrients.
Giving worms something to do is another regular way you can enhance plant soil. There are a couple of various approaches to get this going:
Add them to your manure heap to help speed deterioration and add considerably more supplements to your fertilizer.
Develop/cultivate worms in a different fertilizer container and spare their worm castings. Add worms specifically to your poor soil. Give them some manure and mulch, and the worms will help circulate air through your soil and put their castings straightforwardly into the troublesome territory. Its termed as vermicompost.

2. Manure(FYM)
It is called as 'dark gold'. It's an excellent, wonder…

Efficient Water Management in Farms - Mr.Suresh

AUTHOR: Mr.SURESH MADUGU(+91 98487 61913)

Krishi Jyoti session in CWF WhatsApp group by fellow member Shri Suresh Garu. He is a Freelance trainer and has a classic touch on all subjects related to agriculture sector. He gave session on "Efficient Water Management in Farms ". Here is the summary of the session in his words.
Today's session is on water use efficiency aimed at producing more with a little amount of water or more yield per drop of water. In India, most follow surface irrigation..like Flood irrigation, basin, bund etc..in most scenarios when we irrigate the fields much water wastage through percolation, evaporation etc..hardly 30% water is available to crops. This leads to heavy losses in irrigation, more water to produce commodities and less rainfall is causing water table depletion.


   water used to produce commodities.
To increase water efficiency, we started using new technologies like Sprinkler, Drip, Shade net and poly houses now plastic mulching etc. No do…

Pheromone Lures / Traps

What is Pheromone Lures/Traps? Sex pheromone released by a female insect attract male insect. In labs, they synthesise pheromones and make traps. Adult male detects them and enters into trap expecting female to mate and die at last.

Which crops need Pheromone Traps?

1. Generally, high-density crops like cereals, millets, pulses, flowers, vegetables etc require Pheromone Traps
2. Even Coconut and similar crops require Pheromone Traps
How many Pheromone Traps are required per acre?
Each crop requires different number of Pheromone Traps and hence follow the recommendations for that particular crop
What should be the height of the Pheromone Traps?
Generally, it is advised that the Pheromone Traps be placed at least 1 ft above the crop canopy
What should be the orientation of the Pheromone Traps?
For best results, it is advised that the Pheromone Traps be placed in upright position
What is the distance between the Pheromone Traps?
Optimally, the Pheromone Traps should be of equal-distance from one ano…

Insect Light Traps

Which crops need Light Traps?

1. Generally, field crops like cereals (rice, maize, sorghum), millets, pulses (chickpea, pigeon pea, lentil, green gram), flowers, vegetables (okra, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, brinjal) etc require Light Traps
2. Even horticultural crops (mango, litchi, pomegranate, apple, guava, coconut, banana) require Light Traps
How many Light Traps are required per acre?
2 (Two) Light Traps are required per acre
Which stages of the crop require Light Traps?
Each and every stage of the crop require Light Traps meaning from the beginning of the planting of the crop until the end of the harvest (for short-term crops)
What time should the Light Traps be activated?
Light Traps need to be switched on or made available from 6 pm to 9 pm when the pests are most active
What are the different colours of Lights used in Light Traps?
1. Black Lights (Bulbs that emit Ultra Violet Wavelengths) - Best Option
2. Blue Lights
3. White …

All About Mulching

Let us observe nature cycle, Every tree drops all leaves before summer(Feb-march). To cover land and conserve soil moisture called as mulching by nature.Now we are giving irrigation using bores.why we need mulching? Mulching maintains steady temperature called as microclimate which plants love to grow rigorously.

Mulching is a need because it conserves moisture, provides microclimate and good for soil microbes.But dry straw/leaf mulch was attacked by termites. They are damaging crops also. Some farmers are using plastic sheet mulch.but it is worst idea as it heats soil too much. Turmeric is the best remedy for termites. Grow or sprinkle turmeric.

Dry leaves, newspapers, pebbles, stones, coconut shells, wood chips can be used for mulch. For Paddy cultivation, water 
is used mulch. Mulching protects healthy microbes from exposure to Sunlight where they cannot survive. Mulching prevents weed growth. Note when you use dry mulch, Liquid manures like Jeevamrut are must, else the Carbon and Nit…