Skip to main content

Posts

Grey water treating using plants

Canna banana cattails vetiver phragmitis are some of the quick growing plants which can be used for bio filtering of waste waters. Each of these plants or several based on water to be purified are to be grown in buckets filled with sand. Each bucket has a tap at the bottom to allow the treated water to flow into the next bucket. Feeding of waste water is from top while withdrawal is at the bottom. Each bucket has a perforated tube embedded to allow air to be introduced into the interiors of the bucket. When the waste water enters the first bucket the tap is kept closed so that the roots of the plant are inundated with this waste water. Once the bucket is filled indicated by bubbles seizing coming out of the perforated tube the bottom tap is opened to allow water to flow into the next bucket and continued. The moment the tap is opened the water drains out sucking air in through the perforated tube. Thus the roots of the plant absorb nutrients from the waste water and air too and grow. …
Recent posts

Hydrologic Indicators - Termite mounds

Termite mounds as hydrologic indicators(underwater indicators to dig wells and borewells)

Varahamihira describes the possibility of water where ant hills are present. The termites in Sanskrit literature have been described as UPAJICA. Modern scientific studies reveal interesting facts authenticating the beliefs. In order to understand the significance of termite mound, a brief description of termites and its mounds, is a prerequisite.

The termites live in 4 types of nest. One such type is the Epigeous nest ie, the nest built on the ground surface. All the termites are not mound builders and the only genus Copoterms of the family Rhinotermitidae build mounds. The epigeous nest is of importance for ground water exploration. High humidity is essential for the very survival of the species in arid and semi arid tracts. To maintain high humidity the termites have constant touch with ground water however deep it may be. The chief mechanism of the termites that contribute to humidi…

Cultivation of Castor

Climate : Indian Tropical climate is excellent. It is almost grown commonly in all hot areas.
Soil : Any soils it grows well. But it loves to grow in slightly acidic sandy soils with pH ranging 5.5 to 6.5. Castor was grown in wastelands which are not fit to grow food crops.
Seed : 4-6 kg of seed required. Soak seeds for 12-24hours before sowing for better germination.
Duration :105-190 days.
Spacing : 2 feet   X  2 feet or 3feet(row-to-row) X 1feet(plant-to-plant).
Field Preparation : 3-6 tons of FYM or Compost can be applied before plough soil.Any liquid manure can be sprayed before 15-21 days. http://www.ecosecretz.com/2017/12/5-effective-ways-to-enrich-soil.html
Sowing Method: It is very simple method as I said it is to be sowed just 2 inches in the soil  ( 2 seeds at a time)
Irrigation: Initial days weekly for half hour irrigation required and after two months for every 15 days
Inter-crops: 6 rows of groundnut/Blackgram with 1 row of castor or 2 rows of onion with 1 row of castor i…

RAMABANAM - FOR REVIVING SOIL

DETAILS OF RAMABANAM 40 DAY MANDAL PROGRAMME FOR REVIVING SOIL

By Dr. PRATTIPATI RAMAIAH. I.O.F.S.(Retd)


Giving The Items And Fermentation Days With Quantity. We Have To Recalculate For One Acre.
Item      Fermentation Quantity Water Minutes for StirringGinger  7days  1 kg  90 ltrs  90 mCow dung  5 days  1 kg  50 ltrs 60 mCow Urine 0 days 1 ltr 70 ltrs 90 mJaggery 7 days 1 kg

Bio-Pesticides : The Plant Protectors

Nature has provided a pest control system, which needs to be preserved. Diversity has an important role in building and maintaining an ecological balance. Some of the NPM practices that are based on observing and creating diversity are mixed or multi cropping techniques which include insect repelling plants, perennial trees and grasses; and preparation of bio-pesticides from different plant materials such as Milea azadrichta, Vitex negundo, calotropis gigantean, Pongamea glabra etc.

Methods of Preparation

Method – 1 

Ingredients:
Pods of Datura [Datura sirumarium]  - 1 kg
Seeds of Arali [Nerium oleander]  - 1 kg
Tobacco waste - 1 kg
Lime [diluted calcium Carbonate] - 250 g
Cow Urine - 5 lit
Mud pot (10 ltr capacity) - 1 No.

Preparation Method:
The pods of Datura to be finely powdered; the seeds of Arali pounded well. The Tobacco waste and lime to be added to the above mixture, add 5 lit of cow urine and put all in a mud pot.The mud pot is covered with a lid and buried inside the manure pi…

Panchagavya

Panchagavya is a blend of 5 items acquired from the cow.which is utilised in customary prescription broadly. These are Cow- Dung,Urine,Milk, Curd and Ghee. This is moreover specified in Vruksh-Ayurveda writings and it has been tested by different natural farmers. It has a noteworthy job in preventing pests,disease and expanding the general yield.
Panchagavya as a Liquid Manure:
Items Used:
· Cow dung - 5 kilo
· Water - 5 liters
· Cow urine - 2 liters
· Curd - 2 liters
· Clarified butter/Ghee - 1 liter
· Sugarcane juice - 2 liters
(Instead of sugarcane juice utilize 500gms of Honey or 1 kg of jaggery or Palm sugar).

Blend these items in a mud pot and mix them well. Permit this blend under shade for aging for around 3 weeks. At that point take out 2 liters of Panchagavya and weaken it with 100 liters of water
and, shower on the crops by utilising a power sprayer in 1 acre of land plot. The above blend is adequate for splashing 4 acres of land at the rate of 2 rounds per crop. The weakene…

Dhabolkar method of green manuring

Mr.Dhabolkar, an organic farming expert in Maharashtra, has proved the efficacy of green manure method, which helps to return to the soil many times more nutrients than what we take from that same soil. The first step, therefore, to enrich the soil organically is to grow a variety of crops on the land and then plough the green matter back into the soil. Using this method it is possible to enrich the depleted soil in just two hundred days. Even land that has been depleted of all nutrients due to chemical farming can be resuscitated in this manner.By growing the following crops for 50-60 days and then ploughing them in-situ we add balanced nutrients and micro-nutrients to the land. The soil will become enriched in less than a year and micro-nutrient deficiency is eliminated.

The following quantities will suffice for one acre.
Choose four of each of the following types:(One from category total five)

1. Grains: 5Kg (Example: 1 kg Sorghum, 500 gms Pearl millet, 250 gms Foxtail millet, 250 gms …