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Cultivation of Cauliflower

Climate:
Cauliflower love cool and moist (18C-20C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 18C. It is frost and snow tolerant, can withstand upto -10C. August,September or October is best time to grow in India. Above 25C plant won't die but stops growth. It need atleast 6hours sunlight to grow properly.

Soil:
Cultivation of Cauliflower is done mainly on sandy to heavy soils rich in organic matter. Early harvests favour light soil while late yields flourish better on heavier soils because of maintenance of dampness. On substantial soils,plants develop all the more gradually and the keeping quality is progressed. In summer grow Cauliflower in heavy soil because of water holding capacity in winter prefer sandy soil which drain water quickly. A pH range of 6.0-7.0 is considered as optimum for growing Cauliflower. Plants growing in saline soils are prone to diseases.Grow Cauliflower in soil rich in organic matter that is well-drained.
Cauliflower grows best where…
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Cultivation of Cabbage

Climate: Cabbage love cool and moist (15C-21C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 15C-16C. It is frost and snow tolerant, can withstand upto -10C. August,September or October is best time to grow in India. Above 25C plant won't die but stops growth. 
Soil: Cultivation of cabbage is done mainly on sandy to heavy soils rich in organic matter. Early harvests favor light soil while late yields flourish better on heavier soils because of maintenance of dampness. On substantial soils,plants develop all the more gradually and the keeping quality is progressed. A pH range of 6.0-6.5 is considered as optimum for growing cabbage. Plants growing in saline soils are prone to diseases.Grow cabbage in soil rich in organic matter that is well-drained. Cabbage grows best where the soil pH is between 6.5 and 7.5.
Seed: 120 grams of  seeds are required for one acre. In India, Cabbage is cultivated for the most part as Rabi amid winter (Sept.- Oct.), But around Nasik (Maharash…

Soil & Water Management Videos

For soil & water management at farms and in villages, videos by Paani Foundation (http://www.paanifoundation.in/en/videos/), especially, sharing following useful videos in marathi and hindi ...

What is Watershed Development? A Film by WOTR (English)

Earthen Dams | For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) Farm Bunds | For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) How to Mark Contour Lines Using a Hydromarker How to Make Your Own Hydromarker How to Construct a Soak Pit (Marathi) Loose Boulder Structures | For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) Gabions: For Rainwater Harvesting  Farm Ponds: For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) How to Build a Vanrai Bandhara (Marathi) Water Budgeting (Hindi) Hope you find it useful too... Do Spread Far and Wide..

Cultivation of Cluster Beans

Climate: Cluster Beans love light warm moist (15C-35C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 25C. It is drought and saline tolerant. June,July or Feb is best time to grow in India. Drought tolerant plant won't die but stops growth. Under over moist conditions pods will not come out well.
Soil: It can be grown in any type soil . It can withstand salinity and alkalinity in soil. Loves well drained soils like sandy loam,clay loam soils with high percentage of organic matter. Give high yields in soils which have pH around 7.0. Can adapt in wide range of soils.
Seed: Approx 4 - 6kg per acre seed required if it is vegetable crop. 8 kg per acre for getting grains, 16kg for fodder crop. seed rate need to increases if sowing in problematic soils.More plants on rainfed,less plants on irrigation.Select virus free and disease free a seeds from farmer. Approx seed germination time is 5d ays. Better to immerse seed 20 min in 50C hot water.
Duration:  Below 90-120 days under fu…

Cultivation of French Bean

Pole Beans Bush beans 
Climate: French Bean love light warm moist (16 C-24 C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 21 deg C. It will not sustain in very low or high temperatures which results poor yields with dropping of flowers. October to March is best time to grow in India.
Soil:  Loves well drained soils like sandy loam, clay loam soils with high percentage of organic matter. Give high yields in soils which have pH 5.2 to 5.8. Can adapt to wide range of soils. 
Seed: Approx 10 -20kg per acre seed required. 10 kg per acre pole type french bean, 20kg bush type french bean. More plants on rainfed, less plants on irrigated lands are required. Select virus free and disease free a seeds from farmer. Approx seed germination time is 5 days.
Duration: Below 90-120 days under full sunlight.

Spacing: The bush type seeds are sown 5-10 cm x 45-90 cm(plant to plant × row to row). Pole type seeds are sown 15-25 cm × 90-110 cm.
Field Preparation: It will be better if the field is …

Cultivation of Cowpea

Climate: Cow-pea is drought tolerant and heat loving plant. Cowpea love warm moist (30 C). Don't love cool or very low temperatures. But it can sustain low temperatures. Requires warm climate and humidity to grow rigorously.It can be grown throughout year in India.

Soil: Loves well drained soils like sandy loam,clay loam soils with high percentage of organic matter. Give high yields in soils which have pH 5.5 to 6.5( slight acidic to below neutral ).Can adopt in wide range of soils. Can't give best results in alkaline pH.

Seed: Approx 10 -12 kg per acre seed required.More plants on rain-fed,less plants on irrigation. 53000 plants required per acre.Select virus free and disease free  a seeds from farmer. Approx seed germination time is 5 days.

Duration: Below 90-120 days under full sunlight.

Spacing: The seeds are sown 20 cm x 75 cm.

Field Preparation: It will be better if the field is watered for 3 days before sowing in order to improve germination of seeds.Grow green manure before…

Cultivation of Okra

Okra/Bhendi/Lady Finger:
Climate: Okra love warm moist (25C to 30C). Don't love cool or very low temperatures. But it can sustain low temperatures. Requires warm climate and humidity to grow rigorously.It can be grown throughout year except in winter in India.
Soil: Loves well drained soils like sandy loam,clay loam soils with high percentage of organic matter. Give high yeilds in soils which have pH 6.5 to 7.5( slight acidic to near neutral is best 7 pH).Can adopt in wide range of soils. pH is not a problem for growing okra.
Seed: Approx 5 -10 kg per acre seed required in general.In Summer up 8-10kg per acre seed required.More plants on rain-fed,less plants on irrigation. 21780-43560 plants required per acre.Select virus free and disease free  a seeds from farmer. Soak seeds overnight before planting because of seed shell hardness.Approx seed germination time is 7 days.
Duration: Below 90-120 days under full sunlight.From 40 days flowers will start approx from 60 days harvest will st…