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Cultivation of Garlic

Climate: Garlic love mild climates(no extreme cool or sun) without rains after bulb formation. It will adapted to a wide range of temperatures(12C to 20C).

Soil: Garlic grow better in loose, loamy soil which are rich organic matter rather than heavy clay soils with pH range between 6.5 to 7.

Seed: 200-250 cloves per acre.


Duration: 120-130 days.
Spacing: Space the plants 6 to 8 inches separated in the line. Enable 12 to 18 inches between columns or space garlic cloves 6 to 8 inches separated every direction on beds.

Land Preparation: When your seeds are planted in your nursery, begin to set up your land. Plough your soil. Separate all pieces of soil because garlic prefer loose soils. Mix well decayed compost. Smooth the soil surface.
http://www.ecosecretz.com/2017/12/5-effective-ways-to-enrich-soil.html

Sowing techniques: Garlic is raised by different strategies, depending upon the circumstances of the farmers. These strategies are (a) transplanting, (b) planting knobs in the field. In any …
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Cultivation of Onion

Climate: Onions love mild climates(no extreme cool or sun) without rains after bulb formation. It will adapted to a wide range of temperatures(12C to 25C).

What amount of sun do onions need to develop? Onions favor full sun, abundant soil dampness, and organic rich, well drained soil. They will survive if planted in partial shade, however the onions will be tiny and the plant will be more defenseless to bugs and diseases. Onions can't develop in full shade.
Soil: Onions grow better in loose, loamy soil which are rich organic matter rather than heavy clay soils.
Seed: 1-4kg per acre. What number of onions would you be able to grow on a one acre of land? Cultivators usually plant 75,000 to 120,000 onions for each acre of land in single columns with 2 inch between plants in the line and 24 inch between lines. normal yield of 70-100 Quinta per acre.
What number of seeds are in a gram? Onion    250 - 400 seeds/1g,400,000 seeds/1kg
Duration: To what extent do red onions take to develop? G…

Cultivation of Mushroom

1) How is mushroom developed?

Mushrooms develop from spores not from seeds, that are so minor you can't see singular spores with the exposed eye. Since the spores don't contain chlorophyll to start developing (as seeds do), they depend on substances, for example, sawdust, grain, wooden attachments, straw, wood chips, or fluid for sustenance.


2)What conditions are required for a mushroom to develop? 

a)Both normal and shiitake mushrooms can grow at home, however each sort of mushroom has distinctive development necessities. 

b)Light. Mushrooms can't separate supplements from the sun as green plants do, so they needn't bother with light. ... 

c)Dampness. Mushrooms, similar to all growths, flourish in wet situations. ... 

d)Temperature. ... 


e)Supplements. 

3)What is spawn/substrate in mushroom? 

Mushroom spawn is just any substance that has been vaccinated with mycelium, the vegetative development of a fungi. The spawn is utilised to exchange mycelium onto any material from whi…

Cultivation of Cauliflower

Climate:
Cauliflower love cool and moist (18C-20C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 18C. It is frost and snow tolerant, can withstand upto -10C. August,September or October is best time to grow in India. Above 25C plant won't die but stops growth. It need atleast 6hours sunlight to grow properly.

Soil:
Cultivation of Cauliflower is done mainly on sandy to heavy soils rich in organic matter. Early harvests favour light soil while late yields flourish better on heavier soils because of maintenance of dampness. On substantial soils,plants develop all the more gradually and the keeping quality is progressed. In summer grow Cauliflower in heavy soil because of water holding capacity in winter prefer sandy soil which drain water quickly. A pH range of 6.0-7.0 is considered as optimum for growing Cauliflower. Plants growing in saline soils are prone to diseases.Grow Cauliflower in soil rich in organic matter that is well-drained.
Cauliflower grows best where…

Cultivation of Cabbage

Climate: Cabbage love cool and moist (15C-21C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 15C-16C. It is frost and snow tolerant, can withstand upto -10C. August,September or October is best time to grow in India. Above 25C plant won't die but stops growth. 
Soil: Cultivation of cabbage is done mainly on sandy to heavy soils rich in organic matter. Early harvests favor light soil while late yields flourish better on heavier soils because of maintenance of dampness. On substantial soils,plants develop all the more gradually and the keeping quality is progressed. A pH range of 6.0-6.5 is considered as optimum for growing cabbage. Plants growing in saline soils are prone to diseases.Grow cabbage in soil rich in organic matter that is well-drained. Cabbage grows best where the soil pH is between 6.5 and 7.5.
Seed: 120 grams of  seeds are required for one acre. In India, Cabbage is cultivated for the most part as Rabi amid winter (Sept.- Oct.), But around Nasik (Maharash…

Soil & Water Management Videos

For soil & water management at farms and in villages, videos by Paani Foundation (http://www.paanifoundation.in/en/videos/), especially, sharing following useful videos in marathi and hindi ...

What is Watershed Development? A Film by WOTR (English)

Earthen Dams | For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) Farm Bunds | For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) How to Mark Contour Lines Using a Hydromarker How to Make Your Own Hydromarker How to Construct a Soak Pit (Marathi) Loose Boulder Structures | For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) Gabions: For Rainwater Harvesting  Farm Ponds: For Rainwater Harvesting (Marathi) How to Build a Vanrai Bandhara (Marathi) Water Budgeting (Hindi) Hope you find it useful too... Do Spread Far and Wide..

Cultivation of Cluster Beans

Climate: Cluster Beans love light warm moist (15C-35C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 25C. It is drought and saline tolerant. June,July or Feb is best time to grow in India. Drought tolerant plant won't die but stops growth. Under over moist conditions pods will not come out well.
Soil: It can be grown in any type soil . It can withstand salinity and alkalinity in soil. Loves well drained soils like sandy loam,clay loam soils with high percentage of organic matter. Give high yields in soils which have pH around 7.0. Can adapt in wide range of soils.
Seed: Approx 4 - 6kg per acre seed required if it is vegetable crop. 8 kg per acre for getting grains, 16kg for fodder crop. seed rate need to increases if sowing in problematic soils.More plants on rainfed,less plants on irrigation.Select virus free and disease free a seeds from farmer. Approx seed germination time is 5d ays. Better to immerse seed 20 min in 50C hot water.
Duration:  Below 90-120 days under fu…