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Showing posts from 2018

Cultivation of Castor

Climate : Indian Tropical climate is excellent. It is almost grown commonly in all hot areas. Soil : Any soils it grows well. But it loves to grow in slightly acidic sandy soils with pH ranging 5.5 to 6.5. Castor was grown in wastelands which are not fit to grow food crops. Seed : 4-6 kg of seed required. Soak seeds for 12-24hours before sowing for better germination. Duration :105-190 days. Spacing : 2 feet   X  2 feet or 3feet(row-to-row) X 1feet(plant-to-plant). Field Preparation : 3-6 tons of FYM or Compost can be applied before plough soil.Any liquid manure can be sprayed before 15-21 days. Sowing Method : It is very simple method as I said it is to be sowed just 2 inches in the soil  ( 2 seeds at a time) Irrigation : Initial days weekly for half hour irrigation required and after two months for every 15 days Inter-crops : 6 rows of groundn


DETAILS OF RAMABANAM 40 DAY MANDAL PROGRAMME FOR REVIVING SOIL By Dr. PRATTIPATI RAMAIAH. I.O.F.S.(Retd) Giving The Items And Fermentation Days With Quantity. We Have To Recalculate For One Acre. Item       Fermentation  Quantity  Water  Minutes for Stirring Ginger   7days   1 kg   90 ltrs   90 m Cow dung   5 days   1 kg   50 ltrs  60 m Cow Urine  0 days  1 ltr  70 ltrs  90 m Jaggery  7 days  1 kg  25 ltrs  60 m Asofoetida  7 days  1 kg  90 ltrs  90 m Chickpea flour 7days  1 kg  50 ltrs  60 m Buttermilk  3days  1 lt  65 ltrs  90 m (All native cow products) APPROXIMATE GUIDELINES Each item has to be fermented for 0/3/5/7 days and they have to be sprayed in the field after stirring the solution.. So we

Bio-Pesticides : The Plant Protectors

Nature has provided a pest control system, which needs to be preserved. Diversity has an important role in building and maintaining an ecological balance. Some of the NPM practices that are based on observing and creating diversity are mixed or multi cropping techniques which include insect repelling plants, perennial trees and grasses; and preparation of bio-pesticides from different plant materials such as Milea azadrichta, Vitex negundo, calotropis gigantean, Pongamea glabra etc. Methods of Preparation Method – 1  Ingredients: Pods of Datura [Datura sirumarium]  - 1 kg Seeds of Arali [Nerium oleander]  - 1 kg Tobacco waste - 1 kg Lime [diluted calcium Carbonate] - 250 g Cow Urine - 5 lit Mud pot (10 ltr capacity) - 1 No. Preparation Method: The pods of Datura to be finely powdered; the seeds of Arali pounded well. The Tobacco waste and lime to be added to the above mixture, add 5 lit of cow urine and put all in a mud pot.The mud pot is covered with a lid and buried inside the ma


Panchagavya is a blend of 5 items acquired from the cow.which is utilised in customary prescription broadly. These are Cow- Dung,Urine,Milk, Curd and Ghee. This is moreover specified in Vruksh-Ayurveda writings and it has been tested by different natural farmers. It has a noteworthy job in preventing pests,disease and expanding the general yield. Panchagavya as a Liquid Manure: Items Used: · Cow dung - 5 kilo · Water - 5 liters · Cow urine - 2 liters · Curd - 2 liters · Clarified butter/Ghee - 1 liter · Sugarcane juice - 2 liters (Instead of sugarcane juice utilize 500gms of Honey or 1 kg of jaggery or Palm sugar). Blend these items in a mud pot and mix them well. Permit this blend under shade for aging for around 3 weeks. At that point take out 2 liters of Panchagavya and weaken it with 100 liters of water and, shower on the crops by utilising a power sprayer in 1 acre of land plot. The above blend is adequate for splashing 4 acres of land at the rate of 2 rounds per crop. The wea

Dhabolkar method of green manuring

Mr.Dhabolkar, an organic farming expert in Maharashtra, has proved the efficacy of green manure method, which helps to return to the soil many times more nutrients than what we take from that same soil. The first step, therefore, to enrich the soil organically is to grow a variety of crops on the land and then plough the green matter back into the soil. Using this method it is possible to enrich the depleted soil in just two hundred days. Even land that has been depleted of all nutrients due to chemical farming can be resuscitated in this manner.By growing the following crops for 50-60 days and then ploughing them in-situ we add balanced nutrients and micro-nutrients to the land. The soil will become enriched in less than a year and micro-nutrient deficiency is eliminated. The following quantities will suffice for one acre. Choose four of each of the following types:(One from category total five) 1. Grains: 5Kg (Example: 1 kg Sorghum, 500 gms Pearl millet, 250 gms F

Cultivation of Garlic

Climate: Garlic love mild climates(no extreme cool or sun) without rains after bulb formation. It will adapted to a wide range of temperatures(12C to 20C). Soil: Garlic grow better in loose, loamy soil which are rich organic matter rather than heavy clay soils with pH range between 6.5 to 7. Seed: 200-250 cloves per acre. Duration: 120-130 days. Spacing: Space the plants 6 to 8 inches separated in the line. Enable 12 to 18 inches between columns or space garlic cloves 6 to 8 inches separated every direction on beds. Land Preparation: When your seeds are planted in your nursery, begin to set up your land. Plough your soil. Separate all pieces of soil because garlic prefer loose soils. Mix well decayed compost. Smooth the soil surface. Sowing techniques: Garlic is raised by different strategies, depending upon the circumstances of the farmers. These strategies are (a) transplanting, (b) planting knobs in

Cultivation of Onion

Climate: Onions love mild climates(no extreme cool or sun) without rains after bulb formation. It will adapted to a wide range of temperatures(12C to 25C). What amount of sun do onions need to develop? Onions favor full sun, abundant soil dampness, and organic rich, well drained soil. They will survive if planted in partial shade, however the onions will be tiny and the plant will be more defenseless to bugs and diseases. Onions can't develop in full shade. Soil: Onions grow better in loose, loamy soil which are rich organic matter rather than heavy clay soils. Seed: 1-4kg per acre. What number of onions would you be able to grow on a one acre of land? Cultivators usually plant 75,000 to 120,000 onions for each acre of land in single columns with 2 inch between plants in the line and 24 inch between lines. normal yield of 70-100 Quinta per acre. What number of seeds are in a gram? Onion    250 - 400 seeds/1g,400,000 seeds/1kg Duration:

Cultivation of Mushroom

1) How is mushroom developed? Mushrooms develop from spores not from seeds, that are so minor you can't see singular spores with the exposed eye. Since the spores don't contain chlorophyll to start developing (as seeds do), they depend on substances, for example, sawdust, grain, wooden attachments, straw, wood chips, or fluid for sustenance. 2)What conditions are required for a mushroom to develop?  a)Both normal and shiitake mushrooms can grow at home, however each sort of mushroom has distinctive development necessities.  b)Light. Mushrooms can't separate supplements from the sun as green plants do, so they needn't bother with light. ...  c)Dampness. Mushrooms, similar to all growths, flourish in wet situations. ...  d)Temperature. ...  e)Supplements.  3)What is spawn/substrate in mushroom?  Mushroom spawn is just any substance that has been vaccinated with mycelium, the vegetative development of a fungi. The spawn is utilised to exchange mycelium

Cultivation of Cauliflower

Climate: Cauliflower love cool and moist (18C-20C) conditions. Optimum temperature to give higher productivity is 18C. It is frost and snow tolerant, can withstand upto -10C. August,September or October is best time to grow in India. Above 25C plant won't die but stops growth. It need atleast 6hours sunlight to grow properly. Soil: Cultivation of Cauliflower is done mainly on sandy to heavy soils rich in organic matter. Early harvests favour light soil while late yields flourish better on heavier soils because of maintenance of dampness. On substantial soils,plants develop all the more gradually and the keeping quality is progressed. In summer grow Cauliflower in heavy soil because of water holding capacity in winter prefer sandy soil which drain water quickly. A pH range of 6.0-7.0 is considered as optimum for growing Cauliflower. Plants growing in saline soils are prone to diseases.Grow Cauliflower in soil rich in organic matter that is well-drained. Cauliflower  grows be