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Cultivation of Mushroom


1) How is mushroom developed?

Mushrooms develop from spores not from seeds, that are so minor you can't see singular spores with the exposed eye. Since the spores don't contain chlorophyll to start developing (as seeds do), they depend on substances, for example, sawdust, grain, wooden attachments, straw, wood chips, or fluid for sustenance.


2)What conditions are required for a mushroom to develop? 

a)Both normal and shiitake mushrooms can grow at home, however each sort of mushroom has distinctive development necessities. 

b)Light. Mushrooms can't separate supplements from the sun as green plants do, so they needn't bother with light. ... 

c)Dampness. Mushrooms, similar to all growths, flourish in wet situations. ... 

d)Temperature. ... 


e)Supplements. 

3)What is spawn/substrate in mushroom? 

Mushroom spawn is just any substance that has been vaccinated with mycelium, the vegetative development of a fungi. The spawn is utilised to exchange mycelium onto any material from which mushrooms will develop, called a substrate.

4)How might I begin a mushroom development business? 

Beginning a Mushroom Farming Business in 6 Easy Steps Growing Oyster Mushrooms 

a)Get your spawn and substrate.. 

b)Set up the substrate. To start with, hack the straw into short pieces. 

c)Gather the plastic packs.

d)Brooding. ... 

e)Fruiting. ... 

f)Gather. 

5)To what extent does it take to grow a mushroom? 

A situation that is sodden and soggy help the mushroom to develop in the snappiest way that could be available. It more often than not takes three to about a month for these sorts of mushrooms to develop. Places close to a manure pit or close to sawdust enable speed to up your mushroom's development. It would reach to even as quick as just two weeks. 

6)What is casing in mushroom generation? 

Casing is a fruiting technique where a colonized substrate is wrapped with non-nutritious layer, for example, peat moss, vermiculite or distinctive blends of the previous with different added substances. 

7)What is a mother spawn?

Mother spawn is only the mushroom fungai developed on a grain based medium. sorghum grains are the best substrate for superb development of the organism. Clear and clean sorghum grains are utilized as substrate for developing the spawn.


8)Is mushroom cultivation a decent business?

Because of rise in, wage levels n way of life, dietary inclinations of Indian populace are moving towards more protein eating regimens and mushrooms are one of the best wellspring of the same however it's business return or benefit relies on the accompanying main considerations:

A. Area of land and accessibility of seed material,

B. Directed populace and it's dietary inclinations,

C. Market confirmation,

D. Accessibility of transportation and processing facilities and so on.

Generally the development of mushroom holds a lucrative business opportunity particularly for little and minimal ranchers in nations like India.

Mushroom Cultivation is a decent Livelihood Option. Indeed, even in a little scale, one can procure Rs. 40,000/ - every month from 2000 sq ft zone. Real eatable mushrooms cultivated in India are Oyster Mushroom, Paddy straw Mushroom, Button Mushroom and Milky Mushroom.

Significance of mushroom cultivation

· Mushroom as a Source of Protein and other Food Nutrient

· Unique Flavor and Exotic Taste

· Medicinal Properties

· Easy and Simple Production Procedure

· Labor Intensive Method of Cultivation

· Absence of Crop Competition

· Suitable Enterprise for Farm Ladies

· Utilization of Agro-Wastes in Mushroom Cultivation

· Export Potential

Meet the Horticulture(or)Agriculture, Asst Directors at your place and Spawn/seed is accessible with them. A little 1 day trainings will be accessible with them. Subsequent to taking multi day preparing on mush room culture, you can begin at house in a room at a low scale.

Oyster Mushroom Cultivation :

A room of size 10 ft x 10 ft,with little wooden Racks around, to store the parcels, Spawn to be acquired from Horti/Agri Depts,plastic fronts of size 15 inch, Rubber groups, Dry grass and so on are required. Slice the Dry grass in to 2 inch pieces, bubble them in water, let it be cooled to ordinary temperature, Fill the plastic spreads layer by layer with dry grass cuttings and keep Spawn at the edges on each layer of dry grass, in the wake of filling the plastic spreads with dry grass layer and with generate all around the cover edges, layer by layer, tie the plastic cover with elastic groups. put cuts at around the generate spread zones on the spreads and store them in the racks in the room. Keep the room cool. Keep sand on the room floor and attach jute old packs to the windows and passage and sprinkle water on them with the goal that room temperature will be at bring down side than ordinary. The prefarable day room temperature for mushroom culture is around under 30 C Slowly you will locate the parasitic like ,white development on the dry grass,inside the spreads will be watched and taken after with developped mush rooms turning out from the cuts on the spreads. When they are developed, in opportune time evacuate them and market in the close-by Dept stores/Vegetable markets, crisp or dried. Keep great hygenic conditions as mush rooms are edible.The above said are nuts and bolts and you can learn part in your preparation and on encounter. In little scale,mushroom development is demonstrated productive. Pl begin after a decent preparing on mushrooms by either govt depts and/or by NGO's

Other types of Mushroom cultivation :

a) PADDY STRAW MUSHROOM

b)BUTTON MUSHROOM


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