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An unseen saga - Natural Farmer Mrs.Sujatha Gullapalli

AUTHOR: Mrs.SUJATHA(+9194440 55548)

A session in CWF Krishi Jyothi lead by Smt. Sujatha Gullapalli.A natural farmer who started her journey from 2014 in Natural farming Padmasri Palekarji's method popularly referred to as Zero Budget Natural Farming aka ZBNF.

 Here we present the session in her own words         
             So many people doing natural farming in different methods. I am so comfortable following this system. And exactly following my Guru. As per my Guruji's words, in natural farming, we will consume less water comparatively with non-zbnf farmers.          
        First of all, we made farm bunds. Every 4 acres we divided and made bunds and bunds also covered with seasonal plants, which we change for each season. In kharif, we plant bottle guards,  ridge guard like creepers. In Rabi season we will cover with Gummadi ie pumpkin, marigold and whatever we like.      
       Secondly, We did trenches on our farm. Every plot we divided with trenches 1.5' × 1.5'. 1.5 feet depth and width with a full-length size of farm for clarity sake one can have trench every 20 feet. And all the trenches we fill with crop residues after harvest. We have to fill fully. Slowly it becomes compost and naturally. 


The residue after straining Jeevamrut and the decoction(kashyam) eggshell kitchen waste are all put in the pit nothing in the farm goes waste         

 Thirdly, Mulching will protect the soil from radiation, wind flow and runoff water when heavy rains happen. We use weeds grown as mulch.

          
    Another thing is the direction of cultivation. We have the slope of North to the south. With these methods, soil structure has changed and they consume less water as they hold water. Earthworm population too have increased.   




 Some ZBNF tips for fellow members 
 To prevent pests we use medicinal plant extracts like Ummetha/Datura, kanuga/pongamia, vepa/neem, castor, maredu/bilva, jilledu/arka, calatropis, alovera and tulasi leaves extract we mix with cow urine and boil. After 24 hours we will extract and kept ready for spraying. All the leaves extract not at a time.We make different combinations of decoction(kashayams).

Wood ash and cow dung ash will work tremendously at the start of winter season.


          
Green manure also one of the healthy food for soil. If we take care our soil. Soil take care us.

We use tractor also. Sometimes manpower is the big problem. We have to do mechanization We would like to introduce precision farming into natural farming. Because it is agreeable that we are facing a lot of manpower.   

We prepare GhanaJeevamrutha 
 GhanaJeevamrut Cow dung 100 KGS, 2kg jaggery, 2kgs pulses powder and 10 litres cow urine mix together and cover with funny bags kept 10 days in shadow. Ghana Jeevamrutham ready to use. Add another 100kgs cow dung to that for 1 Acre .


 Summary
 We have built pond using our own funds. 60% of the water we are saving now. In my area two seasons failed, even then we are able to continue our cultivation in different kinds of millets, pulses and vegetables continuously. Because of soil health. When we purchased soil was so rocky and hard surface. If you pour water it will run off. Now it has become soft and porous. Everywhere we have lots of earthworms. It took six months time for us to bring the shape to my farm. And at that time of purchase, we didn't have power. We purchased wasteland(beedu bhoomi). And now zbnf method I followed have made the entire land into a big rainwater harvesting pit .... the soil like a sponge ... it absorbs water, retains water, stores water at depth and looks dry at the surface. now the plants in the land can withstand without water for more period than compared with other soil.     Still, my work is going on to bring the best shape.



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