Skip to main content

Cultivation of Red Gram/Black Gram/Green Gram.

Growing Pulses 

A session on CWF Whatsapp group Held on 31st March 2018
Session Leader : Sivaram gadde from Kurnool Andhra Pradesh, Doing Natural farming from past 3 years.Session in session leaders own words

As I am in less rainfall area. I preferred to go with Pulses, like red gram, green gram, black gram with intercropping of Millets

You can refer
http://www.ecosecretz.com/2017/10/intercropping-model-by-kurnool-farmer.html

1. Red gram
Red gram/Pigeon pea/Tur is good source of Protein..
Sowing time: 

Kharif : June,July
Rabi : Sep 15 to Oct 15

Seed rate
2-3kgs (Kharif) / 6-8 kgs(Rabi season)

Seed spacing
150*20 cm or 180*20 cm

Duration
160-180 days (Kharif) / 120-125 days (Rabi)

Soil: 
Saline soils/ water clogging soils avoid... Rest of the Soils are fine.

Yield: 
6-8 Quintals / 5-6 Quintals.

Inter-crops:
Less duration crops like Green gram, Black gram, Groundnut., Millets like Finger millet, Pearl millet, Foxtail millet. Popular and regular intercrop are Red gram + cotton

Irrigation:
Before flowering time and Pod formation time is must for high yields.

2. Black Gram
Sowing time:
Kharif : June 15 , July15
Rabi : Oct
After Paddy harvest : Nov – Dec first week
Summer : Feb-March

Seed rate: 
5-7kgs (Kharif) / 6-8 kgs(Rabi)

Seed spacing: 
30*10 cm

Duration: 
70-80 days

Yield:
6-8 Q / 5-6 Q

Soil:   Saline soils/ water clogging soils avoid

3. Green gram
Sowing time:
Kharif : June - July
Rabi : Oct
After Paddy harvest : Nov – Dec first week (10-12kgs)
Summer : Feb-March (6-7kgs)

Seed rate:
6-8 kgs

Seed spacing:
30*10 cm

Duration:
70-80 days

Yield:
6-8Q / 5-6Q

Soil:
Saline soils/ water clogging soils avoid

Intercropping:
Cotton or Redgram

For all pulses intercropping can be done with millets. Most of the millets crop duration completes by 90-120 days.


Green Gram


Green gram with Red Gram ( 5:1)


Red gram + Black gram + finger millet

For pictures and pattern check the link. As an educated farmer . I understood the value of Post Harvesting and I even succeeded with Value added to my produce. If we Split the Pulses in traditional process.. we will get very good taste.. so that we can easily promote our produce. I processed Turdal, green gram split, Blackgram split.





Processing:
Sprouted ... sundry then splitting..Different area people do it in different way.. let me share my way.. Red gram keep it in the Drum of water.. rotate it with Stick for every hour for 5 to 6 hrs..especially in the day time.. By evening we should take out and cover with Gunny bags so that heat should generate and let it be like that throughout the night..By morning we can see sprouted red gram..Then Sun dry it for at least 2 days depends up on temperature can be extended to 3 days.then Splitting can be done through Millstone or machine.if we do like this .... Dal taste is good.

Karnataka method of processing :They make a slurry of red soil and splash it on toor whole grains. It is seen that whole of the grains are covered by the slurry and then it is dried well. This drying action causes the skin of the whole grain to contract developing cracks. Then it is either split in mills or by using grinding stones. The sprouting and splitting seems to be less work than the red soil method

Queries:
Any pest issues faced Anna? Most common ones
I gave regular intervals of Jeevamrutam and Neemastram. When we go with intercropping.. Pest attacks are less.. even we can ignore

2. At what intervals? Any specific periods?
15days JA, initially Neemastram for every 3 weeks

3. Where did u procure seed at initial stages? How you are maintaining them?
Pulses Seeds I preferred my Local native seeds.. I observe less pest attack

4. How are you storing seeds for next season?
After harvesting I will keep good sized seeds for next crop..For storing seeds should be well sun dry..

5. What do you mix the seeds with for good storage?
I simply stored like that.. once in a month Sun dried.. preferably on Amavasya..Commonly Castor oil should be applied and stored in Cowdung ash. But I do not follow this

6. Which crop to sow first? Inter crop or main crop ? Or both at d same time..
Main crop and intercrop both at same time. This year I tried Red gram as main crop and Green gram as intercrop. After 60 days green gram harvested.. then I tried horse gram as it is not competitor with red gram with height

7. After harvest are the plants ploughed back into soil?
We will keep like that.. later we remove

8. By growing only pulses will the soil not become depleted of some nutrients and more rich in N? How do you balance the soil between successive crops?
Total duration of crops is around 180 days.Rest of the period we leave the land fallow.

9. Can we try soya beans as inter crop? Do we have market n processing facility for soya?
Ofcourse that’s why we should try with monocot dicot pattern. In this pattern I mixed Jowar seeds with Horse gram (1:10) as 2nd intercrop

10. During the fallow period do wild grass or other "weeds" take over the soil? Do you continue feeding jeevamrutha and neemastra during the fallow period too? Do you see substantial changes in the soil structure now?
First year i faced weeding problem... as i gone with Monocrop.. if we go with Intercropping weeding is not a problem.. may be initially we may face..

11. How do u store millets? And what about processing of millets?
In millets Pest attack only when the grain is not properly dried and also when it is not dehusked.

12. No mulching was required..soil seems to be clayey?
Not required..selecting of intercrop is important.. intercrop should cover the soil with in 21 days..It acts as live mulch

13. Can you share the monocots and dicots ?
Most of the pulses are Dicots..millets are monocot

14. What is the sowing process Anna? Manual?
With Bulls..


15. Is the land prepared prior to sowing with panchakavya?
Panchakavya is costly method of farming.. I followed only ZBNF

16. What are hardships you faced in growing pulses?
As I am doing dry land farming proper rains are required.. last season I experienced weird rain pattern..At the time of harvest half of the Pods are dried and half of them are green.. so I picked only dried one so labour cost piled up..Usually all crop(90%)dried at harvesting time.. then it’s easy to harvest

Popular posts from this blog

Why pests attack your crops and How to stop it?

Disease pathogens and pests are always present. Yet not all plants come down with diseases or are attacked by pests. This tells us that diseases and pests are not unavoidable and that insects and plant pathogens are not the real cause of the problem.
Pests and diseases are nature’s garbage collectors !!!
Pests and diseases are merely there to eat or infect an unhealthy plant which is weakened. It is easy to see this as a nuisance but from our perspective, they perform an important ecological role. These unhealthy or defective plants would not be optimal for consumption of humans or animals and therefore these pests and diseases are doing us a favour by preventing us from eating inferior produce. However modern agriculture and horticulture have meant we can now simply kill off the pests and diseases using chemicals and eat the inferior produce anyway.
Insect pests and diseases cannot successfully attack healthy, vigorously growing plants because, like humans and animals, healthy plants ca…

5 Effective ways to Enrich soil

1. Compost
Turn your kitchen waste, leaves, grass clippings, and so forth into a fabulous soil change with almost no effort. Manure includes the two supplements and natural issue to the soil, and it additionally assists with water maintenance. You can buy it or, make your own. Full decomposed compost have well-developed microbes and nutrients.
Giving worms something to do is another regular way you can enhance plant soil. There are a couple of various approaches to get this going:
Add them to your manure heap to help speed deterioration and add considerably more supplements to your fertilizer.
Develop/cultivate worms in a different fertilizer container and spare their worm castings. Add worms specifically to your poor soil. Give them some manure and mulch, and the worms will help circulate air through your soil and put their castings straightforwardly into the troublesome territory. Its termed as vermicompost.

2. Manure(FYM)
It is called as 'dark gold'. It's an excellent, wonder…

Frequently asked questions on Natural Farming !!!

Debate Natural Farming, Organic farming and Chemical farming in CWF Whatsapp group.
Promoters: Surendranath, Naveen Bhatti, Sujatha Gullapalli, Sokkalingam, Naresh Rayikanti, Harish Babu Prosecutors: Ravisankar Tekuru, Appayya Ramarao, Sivakumar Reddy, Bharath Chandra
What is natural farming?
Natural farming: Using locally available resources as inputs and not purchasing inputs from outside for farming is Natural farming ... Masanobu Fukuoka of Japan is famous worldwide for Natural farming with his book " The one straw revolution " .... but there are persons in several countries including our country who have been practising their own methods ... they may not have got noticed ... Zero Budget Natural Farming ( ZBNF) is one of the methods in Natural Farming. ZBNF name is coined and implemented by Sri. Subhash Palekar... ZBNF is designed as per present financial, ecological conditions of our country for sustainable agriculture.
What is organic farming?
Organic farming is a general te…