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A Glance at Wheat Cultivation

Krishi Jyothi Session by Shri Naveen Dutt Bhatti(9302127921) in CWF Whatsapp Group on 10th Feb Saturday.  
Session leader Intro: an organic farmer from Indore. Has land at Indore and Pachmarhi (Matkuli). Growing wheat, soybean and season vegetables.
H No. 55, Near New Digambar Public School,
Khandwa Road, Village Limbodi,
Indore, Madhya Pradesh 452001
Session Synopsis in his own words
Wheat is the second most important food crop in our country which contributes nearly 45 percent of total foodgrain production. The most common wheat grown in our country is consumed in the form of unleavened backed bread called chapatti. It occupies 90% of the total wheat area. It is grown from sea level up to an elevation of 3500 mts. Secondly, Emmer wheat is grown on a very restricted scale in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, AP and TN. It has high fibre and protein contents
Varieties of wheat have been classified into certain groups state wise. Irrigated timely, Irrigated late, Irrigated very late, Rainfed timely,, rainfed lately and salt-affected soil. 10/02/2018, 10:43 - Naveen Dutt Bhat: Most of older high yielding varieties that where popular earlier in various parts are susceptible to rusts and hence unsuitable for general cultivation. Punjab is a highest wheat producer in India that is due to well-drained loamy and clayey soil. There are many varieties of wheat currently recommended for cultivation under various cultural situations in different states. There are more than 40 varieties
Wheat down under irrigated condition requires 4 to 6 irrigation depending on the soil and weather conditions. The wheat crop requires a well pulverized compact seedbed for good and uniform germination. For irrigated crop, the land is given a pre-sowing irrigation followed by the cultivator or harrowing and planking to prepare a fine well-pulverized seedbed.
November to December is the best time to sow wheat.  The temperature should be around 20-degree single sowing.ie direct seed sowing no transplanting is required. Local mild to moderate rain shower about an inch or two won't bother but standing water will create a problem.
 To prevent rust problem best to grow rust resistant variety of wheat. Use of acetobacter culture is most important while sowing wheat.  This one in the picture is WH 147. I have used inline dripper as in pic
Use of Rotavator gives the soil a very good pulverised texture. Sowing in November will take harvest from mid-March. and late sowing after potatoes harvest will take place in mid-April but yield will be 40 qts per hect. Before wheat Soybean is cultivated. Intercropping is recommended only in the rainfed area you can intercrop with Bengal gram also in rainfed area wheat mixed with gram, lentil, mustard, linseed., safflower is suggested. But when intercropped with wheat is done with irrigation its yield decreases.

Seed sowing is 100 to 120 KGS  per hectare and yield per hectare is 60 to 65 Quintals. We are sowing wheat on irrigated land so never gone for intercropping
In rainy season we have soybean, after soybean we take wheat and after wheat harvest, we sow moong after this We need to give the land rest.
 The distance between a row in wheat sowing is 9 inches. Sometimes we sow wheat in cross section also and yield increases by another 35%. For that, we broadcast poultry manure first. 1000kgs of poultry manure per acre.
In the cross-section, we plant from east to west and again from north to south direction. Sowing in two direction
Insect and pest are not very serious in general but termites, shoot fly, brown wheat mite and borers can pose a problem but not too a great extent. We let insects and pest have their shares equally. Never sprayed any remedies for them.
Queries :
What the sale price per quintal of the harvested crop? 
1450/- too 1650 per quintal and straw for 400/- a quintal

How to store wheat?
Proper care must be taken to keep grain safe from rats and moisture. The best way to store is in storage bin or godown.

Does it need any ageing period?
No, summer harvest seeds are ready to plant same year in winters, no waiting period is required Yes, seeds should be thoroughly dried and recommends to add some old grains with a fresh one.

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