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HERBAL PLANTS : A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON YIELD / PRICE / USES AND INCOME


COMMON NAME
BOTANICAL NAME
TELUGU
HINDI
HARVEST IN
PARTS USED
YIELD Qtl / Ha
PRICE / Kg
MEDICINAL USES
1
Aloe veera / Kumari
Aloe Vera
Kalabanda
Gavar-ka patta
1 - 2 yrs
Leaves / Juice
150 - 200 Qntl
Rs15 L / Rs90 J
Cosmetics/burns/scalds/ear ache
2
Amla
Emblica Officinalis
Usiri
Amlaka
3-4 Yrs
Fruits
200-250 Qntl
Rs 15 - 45
Cough/Diabetes/Laxative/Hyper acidity
3
Ashoka
Saraca Asoca
Ashoka
Ashok
10 Yrs
Bark
20 Qntl
Rs 125 / kg
Menstrual pain/Piles/Uterine disorder/Anti cholesterol
4
Ashwagandha
Withania Somnifera
Paneer Gaddalu
Asgandh
1 Yr
Roots/Leaves
7 10 Qntl Dry
Rs 75 - 100 /Kg
Immunity/Skin/Cough/Palpitation
6
Asthi Sanghara
Cissus Quadrangularis
Nalleru
Hadjod
2 Yrs
Stem


Bone fracture/Indigestion/Gas/Lose motion
7
Bael / Bilva
Aegle Marmelous
Bilva
Bilva patra
5 - 6 Yrs
Fruit
200 - 400 Fr/pl
Rs 125 / kg Fr
Diarrhoea /Constipation
8
Baidanka / Kaunch
Mucuna Pririence
Duradagondi
Konch
1 Yr
Leaves/seeds/Roots
 15 - 20 Qntl
Rs 10 - 15
Nervous / Sexual disorders
9
Basil / Tulasi
Ocimum Sanctum
Tulasi
Tulsi
Every 3 months
Whole plant Leaves
90 - 140 Q Lvs
Rs 10 / Kg
Immunity/cold/cough/Fever/Ear n tooth ache
10
Bhumy amalaki
Phylanthus Amarus
Nela Usiri
Bhui Amla
1 Yr
Whole plant
15 Qntl Dry Herbage
Rs 40 / Kg
Fever/Jaundice/Diabetis/Liver/Skin
11
Black night shade/Makoi
Solanum nigrum
Kamanchi
Makoya
1 Yr
Fruit/Whole plant
15 Qntl
Rs 40 / kg
Jaundice/hairgrowth/skin disease/Oedema
12
Brahmi
Bacopa monnieri
Sambrani Aaku
Gotu kola
1 Yr
Whole Plant
50 Qntl Dry Herbage
Rs 20 / Kg
Memory booster/Mental disaster/Immunity
13
Bringa Raja
Eclipta Alba
Gunta kalagara
Bhangaro

Whole plant
60 Qntl Dry Herbage
Rs 25 / Kg
Hair growth/Jaundice/wounds
14
Calendula
Calendula Officinalis
Pot marigold
calendula
40 - 60 days
Flowers
170 Qntl Dry Flower

Ulcer/inflamation/cuts/bruises/pains/prepare Dye
15
Daruharida/Tree Turmeric
Barberis Aaristata
Maanu Pasupu
Daru Haldi

Flowers/fruits/Root


Anti bacterial/cancer/Laxative/opthalmic/Dye prepartn
16
Gudmar/Madhunashini
Gymnema Sylvestre
Podapathri
Gudmar
4 Yrs
Leaves
6 - 10 Qntls
Rs 30 - 50 / Kg
Diabetis/Liver/Urinary Infection
17
Guduchi
Tinospora Cardifolia
Thippa theega
Gulvel/gulancha
1 Yr
Stem
10 - 15 Qntls
Rs 20 - 25 / Kg
Fever/Jaundice/Skin disease/Indijestion
18
Guggal
Commiphora wighti
Guggulu
Guggal
8 Yrs
Resin
20 Qntl Gum
Rs 80 - 100 /Kg
Rheumatism/Artiosclerosis/cholesterol
19
Jatamansi/Musk Root
 Nardostachys Jatamansi
Tapaswini
Bal chad
3 - 4 Yrs
Roots/Flowers
12 Qntl

Memory/stress/Nervous/Cardiac/Insomnia
20
Jatropha
Jatropa curcas
Jatropha
Ratanjyot
1 - 3 Yrs
Seeds
75 Qntl

Skin/wounds/scabies
21
Kalihari
Gloriosa Superba
Agnishikha
Langali
5 Yrs
Seed / Tubers
35 Q Seed/75 Q Tubr
Rs 60 / Kg
Labor pain/Abortion/ Skin disease
22
Kalmegh / Bhuineem
Andrographis Paniculata
Nela vemu
Bhui Neem
1 Yr
Whole plant
30 Qntl Dry Herbage
Rs 12 - 20/Kg
Fever/Jaundice/Diabetis/Liver/Skin
23
Kesar / Saffron
Crocus sativus
Kumkum puvvu
Kesar
3 Yrs
Flowers
3 Kg / Ha

Used in Culinary
24
Kokum / Mango steen
Garcinia indica
vishambila
Kokam
5 yrs
Fruit/root/bark/seed oil
50 fruits/tree


25
Lavender
Lavandula angustifolia f
Lavender
Lavender
1 yr
Flowers


Anti inflamatory/convulsive/depressent/skin
26
Lemon Grass
Cymbopogon spp
Nimma gaddi
Nimbu Ghass
5 Yrs
Whole plant/leaves
25 ton Grass/200 kg Oil
400/Kg Grass
B.P/vomiting/cough/convulsions
27
 Liquorice / Yashtimadhu
Glycyrrizha glabra
Athi madhuram
Mulethi
2 Yrs
Roots / Stem
75 Qntl Root
Rs 150 / Kg
Cough/cold/Gastro / skin/ulcers/acidity
28
Long Piper / Pippali
Piper Longum
Miryalu
Pippali
2-3 Yrs
Fruits/Roots
15 Qntl Spikes
Rs 150 / Kg

29
Madayahthika / Henna
Lausonia Inermis
Gorinta
Mehindi
2 Yrs
Leaves
20 Qntl

Hair care / jaundice / joint pains
30
Nirgundi
Vitex Nigundo
Vavili
Sambhalu/Nirgundi
2 Yrs
Leaves
300 Qntl

Joint Pains/Fever/Cold/earache/Headache/Bronchitis
31
Palma rosa
Cymbopogoon martinei
Rosha grass
Rusha Ghas
5yrs, once in 3 mnts
Whole plant
400 Qntl Herbage

Bronchitis/perfumery/Ascaris
32
Parsley
Petroselinum crispum
Parsley
Ajmood

Leaves



33
Pashanbedha
Coleus Barbatus
Kondapindi
Patharchur
1 Yr
Roots
15 - 20 Qntl
Rs 40 - 50
Kidney stones
34
Patchouli
 Pogostemon cablin
Pedda Tulasi
Pehpli
4 - 6 monts
Leaves
12 Qntl Leaves

Diuretic/Antiseptic/Anti depresent/sedative/gargle
35
Patra Yavani
Coleus Ambonicus
Voma Aaku
Ajvain patri

Leaves


Digestive/sore throat/Oral hygiene/Headache
36
Periwinkle /Sada bahar
Catharanthus Roseus
Billa Ganneru
sada bahar
1 Yr
Whole plant
12 - 15 Qntl
Rs 20 - 25
Leaukamia/Hypotensiv/Antispasmodic
38
Safed Musli
Chlorophytum boriwilianum
Sallo gadda
safed musli
3 months
Tuber
20 Qntl Dry
Rs 2,000/Kg Dry

39
Saraswathi/Mandukaparni
Centella Asiatica
Saraswathi Aaku
Khula kundi

Whole plant


Memory booster/Mental disaster/Immunity
40
Sarpagandha
Rauvolfia Serpentina
Sarpagandhi
Pathalgaruda
2 Yrs
Roots
15 - 25 Qntl
Rs 150 / Kg
High Bp/insomnia/sedative/convulsions
41
Sathavari /wild asparagus
Asparagus recemosus
Pilli teegalu
Shatavar
2 Yts
Tuberous roots
80 - 100 Qntl
Rs 30 - 50 / Kg
Strength/Acidity/white discharge/gariatric
42
Senna / Swarnapathri
Casia Augustifolia
Nela thangedu
sanai
1 Yr
Leaves / Tuber
20 Qntl Biomass
Rs 1200/Kg Dry
Laxative/Gas/Body pains/Hair care
43
Stevia
Stevia rebodiana
Stevia
Stevia
4 - 5 months
Leaves
60 Qntl Dry Leaves
Rs 100 / Kg
Sweetener / oral hygiene
44
Vacha / Sweet flag
Acorus calamus
Vaza
Gudbach
1 Yr
Roots
40 Qntl
Rs 45 / Kg
Stammering/speech n voice improvement/pains
45
Vasaka
Adathoda vasaka
Addasaramu
Adoosa

Leaves n Roots
60 Qntl

cough/cold/eye/menstrual/skin/Bleeding
***Yield and rates may vary from state to state Season of Harvesting may also differ from state to state Whole sale prices in Hyderabad market were taken

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